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FGD Shrimp East Java - May 16, 2023

The objective of the mission is to conduct meetings and organize a Focused Group Discussion (FGD) with key stakeholders involved in the development of traditional shrimp farms plus in East Java Province, with a specific focus on Sidoarjo and Gresik Districts. The FGD aims to provide valuable insights and recommendations for the development of traditional shrimp farming plus in the context of the GQSP Phase 2, promoting sustainability, improved productivity, and compliance with buyer requirements.

 The primary goals of the FGD are as follows:

  1. Gain a comprehensive understanding of prevailing shrimp farming practices in Sidoarjo and Gresik Districts. This includes identifying the challenges and factors affecting traditional shrimp farming productivity.
  2. Develop plans for establishing pilot farms in Sidoarjo and Gresik Regencies in collaboration with stakeholders. These plans will be tailored to the unique characteristics and challenges of the region, considering factors such as farming technology and methods, infrastructure for water canal and estuary/ river dredging, fluctuating salinity, diseases outbreak and supply chain actors.

Results from the FGD will be used as inputs for to the formulation of a project document  of GQSP Phase 2 that takes into account the local context, available resources, and constraints. The project document will serve as a blueprint for the proposed shrimp development project, outlining the necessary steps, resources, and support required for successful implementation.

This event attended by 44 participants the FGD was successfully conducted  at a meeting room in DKP office.  Officially open by the Head Division of Aquaculture of the DKP East Java. The participants represented key stakeholders from various sectors, including private processors, farmers, and government officials from the Provincial Department of Fisheries, Sidoarjo and Gresik Districts, as well as the Department of Public Works and River and Watershed Management related to pond dredging and water channeling.

The discussion's summary includes the following points:

  • In general, the shrimp industry faces a shortage of raw materials for processors and exporters, including for the local market. Since 2021, Indonesia's shrimp exports and self-reliance have declined, and High production costs make Indonesian shrimp less competitive compared to its competitors like Ecuador, India, and Vietnam.
  • Traditional Plus intervention should be applicable at the farmer level focusing on using good quality seeds, nursery system before stocking, water quality management and monitoring and the use of aerators and feed if needed. A master plan, timeline, and pilot locations are needed for the implementation of Traditional Plus Shrimp Standard Operating Procedures (SOP).
  • The promotion / branding of Indonesia shrimp should focus on sustainable Indonesian shrimp, rather than solely pursuing high production per hectare (supra-intensive).
  • Irrigation channels are crucial and require support from the Department of Public Works and Water Resources (PUPR SDA). Dredging of river mouths often faces challenges due to the need to protect mangrove rehabilitation in those areas.

The successful FGD resulted in the following recommendations for follow-up:

  1. Selection of pilot locations with a cluster-based approach or area-based cultivation in Sidoarjo and Gresik Districts. DKP of East Java to use its farms as pilot locations
  2. Development of an action plan for traditional shrimp farming, specifying responsibilities and timelines for stakeholders involved in the pilot locations.
  3. Promotion of sustainable traditional shrimp farming in East Java as part of the national shrimp branding.
  4. Shrimp stakeholders in East Java to support development curriculum for field schools focusing on sustainable shrimp-mangrove farming and provide input for the location and parameters of water quality monitoring posts.
  5. Following up meetings to be organized in the near future to decide on the pilot locations, actions plan and collaborations with stakeholders including supports needed from GQSP Phase 2.